Construction projects are an industry with a broad and complex scope. So, make sure to understand these 50 construction terms would help you when you work in this industry.
The construction industry has a lot of specialized terms and acronyms that can be very confusing at first. However, these various terms are something that you certainly have to master if you are working on a construction project. Imagine if you don’t understand this line of project management terms, of course, it will be troublesome, right?
So, here is Tomps.id summarizes 50 lists of construction terms that you must know below!
Istilah dalam proyek konstruksi yang pertama adalah stakeholder. Posisi ini adalah pemangku kepentingan, baik secara individu, kelompok. maupun organisasi. Di mana, keputusan mereka dapat memengaruhi sebuah kesepakatan, aktivitas, dan hasil dari sebuah proyek. Contoh stakeholder dalam dunia manajemen proyek antara lain: Sponsor, customer da
2. Owner (Project Owner)
The owner is the party who owns the project and then gives it to another party who is able to make it happen in accordance with the contract agreement. Owner is who can be in the form of an agency or individual, is obliged to provide a sufficient budget to finance the project.
3. Project Manager (PM)
The project manager (PM) is the party who receives an offer from the project owner to lead the course of a project. He is in charge of implementing, coordinating, supervising, and controlling all work units so that the project is completed according to the agreement.
4. Construction Management (MK)
Construction Management (MK) is the representative or “right-hand man” of the PM. He is given the task of carrying out work in the field and assisted by other team members who have expertise in their respective fields. Usually, MK will be the party who is invited to discuss procedures and the resources that project needs after the PM has confirmed an agreement with the project owner.
You will hear this one term very often in the project management field. A contractor is a person or entity that is contracted or hired by the project owner to carry out project work based on the contents of the contract he won in the tender.
The small unit of the contractor is the subcontractor. Subcontractors are people who carry out the work of the main contractor. Subcontractors are usually individuals or entrepreneurs who sign a contract to work on part of the main contractor’s work unit package.
Stakeholders can be defined as a party that has an interest in a company. Their decisions can affect an agreement, activity, and the outcome of a project. Examples of stakeholders are sponsors, customers, and users, sellers, business partners, organizational groups, functional managers, government agencies, experts, consultants, project employees, to the community around the project environment.
An architect is a person in charge of designing the macro to micro project built environment. Involved in a large construction project, the architect also acts as a director. So, he has the right to control the contractor’s working progress.
9. Design Engineer
The design engineer is the party in charge of planning the overall construction project and realizing all the designs proposed at the beginning of the project. The design engineer must also ensure that the execution of the construction project proceeds as planned.
10. Project Architect
Project architects are people who are able to translate ideas into a design, understand the character of building materials, and make project development plans in the form of image visualization. They are people who are in charge of designing macro to micro projects and building the environment. If involved in a large construction project, the architect also acts as a director. Thus, he has the right to control the work carried out by the contractor.
11. Structural Consultants
Structural consultants are arguably closely related to architects in a project. This is because the two of them will work together to make a building plan according to what the project owner wants. The specific task of a structural consultant is to design a structure in accordance with the wishes of the project owner through the main contractor, both upper and lower structures. He also considers things such as land conditions, building forms, building functions, land conditions, and geographical conditions.
12. Mechanical & Electrical Consultant (M&E)
Mechanical & Electrical Consultants (M&E) are the parties in charge of carrying out mechanical and electrical processes. In another sense, M&E is a person who plays a role as an implementer of work (workers) in a project that is being carried out, both those who are members of the mechanical and electrical members.
13. Quantity Surveyor (QS)
Quantity Surveyor (QS) is a term for representatives appointed by the project owner to work as supervisors. QS is also in charge of the project finance controller. Thus, the utilization of the project budget does not deviate from the initial planning. In addition, QS is also in charge of making auction documents, contract documents (including Bills of Quantities), and job reports for payment of work progress.
14. Special Consultants
Another term in project management is Special Consultant. A special consultant is a party or someone who is appointed to prepare plans and directions for specific, special, or special tasks.
In the “supply chain”, there are important parties called vendors. Vendor literally means seller or supplier. In a project, a vendor is a material supplier who enters into a work agreement with a subcontractor or main contractor to meet various project material needs.
16. Rebarman (Blacksmith)
The rebarman is a worker in a construction project who is responsible for carrying out the activities of ironing building foundations. They are also responsible for checking the reinforcement in concrete, mastering the technique of making iron in construction concrete, and reprocessing scrap metal for use.
17. Mason / Masonist
Apart from Rebarman, there is also Mason, a mason who is responsible for work related to concrete and stone. A mason can use bricks, concrete blocks, to natural stone to construct various building structures. In addition to masons, masons are also often called brickmasons, to blockmasons depending on their placement position. Professional masons with high expertise must also be able to understand construction drawings or designs. This is important in order to understand the working drawings and specifications, especially those related to the size of the material required.
Another profession in construction projects is a carpenter, which is a person in charge of wooden structures in a construction project. A carpenter will be involved in the design, cutting, and manufacturing of various foundations or furniture using different types of wood. The job role of a carpenter involves a variety of tasks such as measuring, marking, cutting, shaping, and laying a wooden foundation.
The project, of course, you should know about this project management term. A project is a one-time activity limited by budget, schedule, and quality, (triple constraint). In contrast to the general operational activities of the company, project activities have a special character that makes these two types of activities separate. The difference, among others, lies in the irregular nature of the project activities, the cycle is short, dynamic in nature, and consists of many jobs with fluctuating intensity.
A contract is a project management term that refers to the agreements made and agreed upon by the project owner and the contractor. In the contract, there are clauses that must be obeyed and implemented by all parties. If already bound in a contract, all parties may not violate or act deviating from the clauses in contact.
21. Contract Value
The contract value in project management terms is defined as the total amount or price agreed upon by the contract owner and the contractor. The contract price includes 10% VAT with the scope of work. The contract value will also be written in the agreement letter.
22. Budgeted Cost for Work Schedule (BCWS)
Budgeted Cost for Work Schedule (BCWS) or also known as Planned Value (PV) is a term in project management that refers to the amount of budget planned for a certain period based on the project work schedule to be implemented.
23. Budgeted Cost for Work Performed (BCWP)
Budgeted Cost for Work Performed (BCWP) or also known as Earned Value (EV) is a project management term for the amount of budget planned for a certain period based on the work that has been completed.
24. Actual Cost for Work Performed (ACWP)
Actual Cost for Work Performed (ACWP) is the project management term for the amount of actual costs incurred based on the work actually completed.
Not referring to a large plot of land, the term field in project management is the place or location where the project takes place. The determination of the field is the result of the agreement between the project owner and the contractor.
A tender is a project management term that refers to a formal bid to find a partner who bids a price, buys jobs, or provides goods and services.
27. Bills of Quantities (BQ)
Bills of Quantities (BQ) is a project management term to indicate a list of quantities containing the type of work, its volume, and the unit of measurement for all work items to be carried out. Usually, BQ is given to the Contractor as a complement to the tender documents. However, the Contractor may not need it because it depends on the auction system implemented by the auction committee.
28. Cost of Reserves (Contingency)
If the plan for use of BQ is not yet known, the list of costs will be saved as a Reserve Cost. The Reserve Fee of BQ will be reserved for work that may be in the future.
29. Provisional Quantity (PQ)
Provisional Quantity (PQ) is the project term for the volume that is in the BQ. PQ will be recalculated in accordance with the description of the implementation, but the unit price will be binding.
30. Curve S
In project management terms, the s curve is a mathematical graph depicting the cumulative data of a project. Such as the cost or duration of work time (man-hours) that have been used, or the percentage (%) of the time the work was completed. In general use, the S curve is used to measure the progress of project work, evaluate performance, and serve as a consideration for making cash flow estimates.
31. Lump Sum Contract
Lump Sum contract is a type of contract with a fixed contract price, neither the quantity nor the unit price changes. Changes may occur in the addition or reduction of the scope of work based on instructions from the PM or MK. Meanwhile, changes in budget size or contract price are unlikely to occur.
32. Unit Price Contract
Unit Price Contract is a contract that agrees the volume or quantity of work with certain technical specifications is still approximate. The budget payment system is based on the results of joint measurements of the work that the contractor has actually done. Therefore, this contract system allows for the addition or reduction of jobs. This is based on the results of joint measurements of the work that is needed in the field.
33. Combined Lump Sum Contract and Unit Price
This type of contract is an amalgamation of the characteristics of a lump sum contract and unit price. The points agreed in the contract are made based on mutual agreement between the project owner and the contractor.
34. Percentage Contract
A percentage contract is a contract that agrees that the project owner will pay the contractor according to its expenses for the completed project. This payment includes additional costs (overhead). Overhead costs are the percentage of the value of a particular job.
35. Turnkey Contract
The characteristics of a turnkey contract are actually the same as a lump sum contract. The difference is that this contract applies a payment term only once, that is when the project is 100% complete.
36. Contract Drawing
Contract drawing is a project management term for an image that is used as a guide in making BQ. This BQ will be the benchmark for contractor bids in calculating additional equipment before running the project.
37. Implementation Overview
There is also an implementation overview, which is the project management term for the drawings the Contractor receives during project implementation. This implementation description is also accompanied by instructions from the PM or CM if there is a revision regarding the addition or reduction of work approved by the Project Owner.
38. Work Drawing
Work Drawing is a term in project management for a detailed drawing made by a Contractor based on the Implementation Drawing requested by the PM or CM. The goal is to make it easier for contractors to identify what their work is.
39. As-Built Drawing
Another type of drawing in project management is As-Built Drawing. Implemented drawings are drawings made by the Contractor based on the actual work carried out in the field in accordance with the agreement.
40. Red Flags
The term red flags is important for you to know. In the realm of project management, red flags are a form of warning. This means that there is work that you and your team must fix. If the red flags have been given, you and your team must work together to solve problems and dare to express opinions.
Fraud is a deliberate act of cheating that causes losses without realizing it by the injured party and provides benefits to the perpetrator. External-internal environmental and economic pressures also increase the opportunities for fraud to occur.
42. Bid Suppression
Bid suppression is a type of tender collusion (bid-rigging). Where a participant or prospective tender participant makes an agreement to refrain from or withdraw from the tender process. The goal is that the targeted participants will win the tender.
43. Complementary Bidding
This type of bid-rigging creates a situation where the tender participants agree to submit bids that are very high, and even dare to put forward special conditions that are unlikely to be accepted by the project owner. The goal is to trick the project owner so that the price turnover in the tender is getting higher.
44. Bid Rotation
Bid Rotation is a situation where a tender participant submits a bid but takes a position as the bidder at the lowest price or according to the value of the contract being offered. The goal is that the tender winner can be compromised between competitors. Thus, all parties involved can take turns winning the tender.
Subcontracting is a situation in which an actor agrees not to bid and receives compensation for being a subcontractor of a project or becoming a supplier for the winning bidder.
46. Critical Path Method (CPM)
Furthermore, there is the term Critical Path Method (CPM) in project management. CPM is a method used to identify main tasks in a project. So, you and your team can complete it optimally and on time.
Another project management term is Baseline. The baseline is needed to monitor and evaluate how deviated the progress of a project is in achieving the objectives from the initial planning. The baseline includes basic information such as scope, cost, and schedule in a project.
48. Earned Value (EV)
The last term is Earned Value (EV) or what is also called the Budgeted Cost of Work Performed (BCWP). EV itself is a budget spent in a project implementation. Earned Value calculation is needed for PM to monitor the suitability of project implementation in the field with the initial planning.
49. Scope Creep
Scope creep is a form of adding functionality to the scope of the project without getting stuck on time, cost, resources, or even client approval. Scope creep is often called difficult because it can be done suddenly while the project is running.
Agile software development or often simply called Agile is a collection of software development methods (software) based on the Iterative and Incremental Models. The Agile method allows the development of software that has requirements to quickly accept changes.
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