Who is not familiar with the Tower of Pisa in Italy? The tower has a slope of several degrees but still exists today. How come? What’s the secret is the world’s tallest skyscraper, the earthquake, and disaster-resistant Burj Khalifa, what’s the secret? Understanding the phenomenal variety of buildings, helps us to know what a building project is.
Of course, to build a building project, it is necessary to pay attention to many factors so that the building can last a long time and function optimally. Working on a building project requires specific skills from human resources and the materials used so that expectations align with the existing reality. For more details, let’s discuss the building project in more detail.
In the Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI), the definition of a project means a work plan with specific targets (irrigation, electricity generation, etc.) and with a definite time for completion. According to D.I Cleland and W.R. King (1987), the project is a combination of various resources, which are collected in a temporary organizational container to achieve a certain goal.
DEFINITION OF BUILDING
According to the Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesi (KBBI), the definition of a building is something that is built something that is built (such as a house, building, or tower).
DEFINITION OF BUILDING PROJECT
By understanding the meaning of the project and the meaning of the building, then what is meant by a building project? A building project is a process of constructing buildings such as houses, housing, buildings, towers, and others that are bound for a temporary (limited time), non-recurring, non-routine, have a start and end time, limited/certain resources, and to achieve goals. which has been specified.
BUILDING PROJECT CHARACTERISTICS
To better understand building projects, Tom-Mates must understand some of the characteristics of building projects, namely:
Project time is limited, meaning it has a certain timeframe.
The results are not repeated, meaning that the product is the only one and will not be the same as one another.
Has different stages of activities
The intensity of the activities (stages, planning, design, and implementation stages).
There are many kinds of activities and require a variety of energy classifications as well.
Specific land/project location and, it can’t be any place.
Specific project specifications relating to materials, tools, labor, and implementation methods that have been determined and must comply with the procedures for these requirements.
BUILDING PROJECT TERMS
To work on a building project, there are several requirements so that the building project can stand strong and last a long time. The following are the requirements of the building project :
1. Sturdy and durable
For a building project to last a long time, and be sturdy and durable, the thing that must be considered is how to choose the quality of the material from sand, friends, brick to cement. With quality materials, the building can last a long time, especially for high-rise building projects. In addition to using quality materials, the method of material processing must be correct so that the quality of the material does not decrease due to incorrect processing. Buildings that have quality materials and good processing will be able to minimize the feeling in the event of a disaster.
The purpose of the functional is that the building project that is carried out must be able to meet the needs of the owner in carrying out daily needs. For example, a house building project must have a bathroom, room, kitchen, and living room that is readjusted to the needs of the homeowner. As for the building project, it must have a bathroom, elevator, good lighting, and emergency stairs according to the needs of the developer. In this case, the planning process plays a very important role so that it is not arbitrary and not random because it will affect the budget and resources later.
The point is that the use of cost allocations must be as efficient and effective as possible. In this case, every expenditure, especially for the purchase of materials, must have a detailed record so that it can detect which expenses are not optimal and which are the maximum expenses. This is intended so as not to be carried away by the shape and model of the building but forget how much the available budget is.
The purpose of hygiene is that the building can provide a sense of comfort to the owner by fulfilling the need for air circulation and light from outside the room. Buildings that do not meet the air circulation and light factors will interfere with the health of the occupants.
One of the reasons people use the services of an architect is so that the building has a beautiful model according to the needs of the owner. The beauty of the building will make residents feel interested and comfortable when they see and are in the building. Beautiful is meant not only in terms of architecture but also in the interior of the building.
TYPES OF BUILDING PROJECTS
If we look around for sure Tom-Mates will find various buildings ranging from only one floor to towering buildings. To understand what the types of building projects are, the following is an explanation:
1. Residential Building Project
This building project includes the construction of houses, apartments, or dormitories that involve the construction, planning, and maintenance process of the housing. In the construction of building projects held by construction companies involving engineers and architects. What you need to know is that in the construction of residential building projects, there must be a code of practice and regulations of the local building authority. Usually, residential buildings are preferred by the general public because they have more privacy than buildings outside the housing.
2. Building Projects
This building project covers the needs of commercial and institutional buildings. One of them is the construction of schools, sports stadiums, hospitals, shopping centers, and skyscrapers of various types and sizes. The construction project has a higher level of difficulty because usually every building is multi-story and requires deep accuracy by the project team involved.
3. Industrial Building Project
Industrial building projects usually require more specific and high-level expertise in terms of planning, construction, and design. Examples of industrial building projects are building an oil refinery and constructing a power plant. In industrial building projects, the need is relatively small because it is only required by projects carried out by the state.
4. Infrastructure Building Project
This infrastructure building project is related to facilities and infrastructure projects to improve facilities for the general public. For example, infrastructure building projects are building railways, bridges, toll roads, energy pipelines, telecommunications transit systems, and drainage systems.
BUILDING PROJECT STAGES
To build a building project, several stages must be done. In general, the following stages of building projects are often carried out in the field:
To start a building project, the first thing to do is to explore ideas or ideas based on the needs of the project owner.
2. Feasibility study
In this case, a contractor must be able to convince the project owner that the planned building project is feasible and safe. Several things must be considered at this stage, namely:
Prepare project plans and project budgets
Compile a list of benefits that will be obtained if this project runs and is completed.
Prepare project feasibility analysis
Analyze environmental impacts during project implementation.
After the planning process is complete, all stakeholders will be involved regarding the details of the building project that will be carried out. This includes:
Make a work plan and the person in charge of the work
Calculate all necessary expenses
Make the scope of work, schedule, and implementation of building projects
Make a scheme of a certain size to anticipate the risks that may occur.
At this stage, all rough designs will be developed in more detail so that all stakeholders can find out the details of the building project drawings, specifications, budget, implementation methods, and others.
At this stage, the project owner will look for which contractor can be entrusted to work on the project. At this stage, a building project work agreement is also underway.
At this stage, the contractor will start the building project according to the predetermined time, plan, cost, and quality.
7. Maintenance Stage
After the building project is completed, all building facilities need to be maintained so that they can last a long time. For example, all facilities are guaranteed safe and secure, so the building manager must routinely manage the building.
TIPS FOR BUILDING PROJECTS TO GO SOON
Working on building projects so that planning equals results is not easy because there are obstacles in the field that often occur that interferes with the sustainability of the project. However, here are some tips to keep building projects running smoothly:
1. Make a Careful Plan
Careful planning here means not a perfect plan but a plan that has been prepared for various risks that may occur. For example, the use of excess budget, the team must be careful in using the existing budget. As for the delayed work schedule, the project manager must be more disciplined in optimizing team performance to be more productive.
2. Carrying out Control and Supervision
An important note is to carry out control and supervision so that everything goes according to plan. However, the reality on the ground is that there are often omissions in the control and supervisory processes due to the limitations of distance and time. Using various tools will help project managers to control and supervise. One of the tools that can be used to facilitate the process of controlling and supervising building projects is Tomps. Tomps is a web and mobile-based application that helps projects to be controlled in real-time from the palm of your hand without having to go back and forth to the field many times.
3. Record every Financial Transaction
One of the most important things in the sustainability of a building project is a budget. The project budget is a determining factor in whether the project can still be implemented or it can be delayed at any time. Therefore all teams involved in the project must be selective in the use of the budget. The role of the finance person is very important to maintain every financial transaction of a building project. In addition, to facilitate control over the budget, Tom-Mates can also use the Tomps feature which helps the process of recording every financial transaction of a building project.